Sunday, May 10, 2015

INDONESIA : MODERATE MOSLEM COUNTRY



Mosque and church side by side

Indonesia is a biggest Moslem country in the World. About 90% of the citizen are Moslem and the rest are Cristian, Hinduism, Budhaism who lived along peacefully and free to do their own ritualism. Government dedicated special holidays for all religions.

Two biggest Moslem organizations in the country teach their members to lived in harmony with other religions. They are Muhammadiyah and Nahdatul Ulama. So many Moslem boarding schools in the country who teach the student Al Quran fluently and other Moslem belief since they are young and five National principles included in the cricula.  This National principles stated as Indonesia State policy named PANCASILA, kept the country in peace and harmony.

Emblem of Pancasila.


Five principles in Pancasila are :
  1. Belief in the one and only God
  2. Just and civilized humanity
  3. The unity of Indonesia
  4. Democracy guided by the inner wisdom in the unanimity arising out of deliberations amongst representatives
  5. Social justice for all of the people of Indonesia 
Ten parties in the country allowed established by the law only if agree to adopt Pancasila as the principles and as foundation of the party, including four Moslem parties. And the biggest parties in the country not the four Moslem parties but six National parties, one of them where President belong. So from politic point of view National parties guided by the Nation principles above not by Moslem belief.

Long time ago before independence in 1945, before Pancasila accepted as a foundation of all organizations in the country, a  small group of Moslem revolted try to established Indonesia as Moslem country but fail due to mayority of citizen were moderate Moslem rejected. One province in the North Sumatera, Aceh province warred for decades try to set up a new Moslem country separated from Indonesia. Finally in August 2005 Government and Aceh leader signed peaceful agreement in Helsinki, Finland and accepted Pancasila as the foundation and principles not Moslem belief.

We acknowledge also that there are small groups of radicalism who jointed training in Afganistan, joined ISIS in Syria. But the amount or percentage relatively very small. Previously, any bomb blow up in Denpasar, Bali and Hotel Mariot Jakarta. Finally the group involved in the bombing prisoned and executed to death.

Hopefully Arab countries and other Moslem countries may come to Indonesia for study to dig down Indonesia principles if any lessons to be copy as well


   
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